An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum By Stephen Spender | CBSE Class 12 English

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The poet here depicts the woeful and hopeless state of the youngsters sitting in a homeroom in a ghetto school. They are far away from the wonderful sights of nature. They look powerless and hungry. Their unkempt hair looks like rootless weeds on their pale appearances. Not at all like different schoolchildren who are generally vivacious and brimming with life, these youngsters appear to be wilted and dead. The offspring of the ghetto are additionally undesirable in the public arena, similarly as weeds are undesirable in a nursery. An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum

A tall young girl in the homeroom is exceptionally discouraged. She holds her head down, being troubled by pitiful contemplations. The young lady is maybe actually and intellectually depleted because of her neediness.

One kid sitting in the class is just about as slim as paper, without a doubt due to unhealthiness. He has huge eyes like those of a rodent. One more kid in the study hall has acquired his dad joint inflammation. On account of the illnesses, he has hindered development and his bones are bent. He is discussing his exercise. As opposed to the kids from well-to-do family foundations, who acquire property and abundance from their folks, the ghetto kids acquire infections from their folks.

There is another sweet kid sitting at the rear of the class. He is staying there unseen, and longing for squirrels playing in a tree. The dull and dreary environment in the homeroom is maybe unfit to capture his consideration.

The dividers of the study hall are pale and messy, and give a somewhat undesirable inclination. On these dividers many gave things have been set up. These address the universe of the rich and prosperous. There is an image of Shakespeare on the divider. The image of vaults of large urban areas address the personal satisfaction in those urban areas. The early morning sky is appeared as cloudless in another image.

There is likewise an image of a wonderful Tyrolese valley, a district in the Austrian Alpine region, embellished with blossoms. The world guide what isolates the world into nations, of all shapes and sizes, emblematically gives the kids the entire world.

Be that as it may, every one of these photos have no significance to these ruined youngsters. The world portrayed on these dividers isn’t the universe of these youngsters. Their reality doesn’t contain colossal vaults or flourishing or the grand excellence introduced in the image. Sadly, their reality is painted with mist, the mist of misery and appetite. Their future is dismal and dubious, and fixed with a dim and dull sky.

The writer again says that their reality is far away from the real universe of waterways and capes. These things resemble stars in the sky, which they can’t contact.


The writer calls the representation of Shakespeare insidious on the grounds that it is aimless for youngsters going to a ghetto school. There is no quality training in these schools. The youngsters here won’t ever find out about Shakespeare’s work. The guide is additionally an awful model, in light of the fact that, for these youngsters, their homeroom is the entire world for them. There is no world past their destitution, craving and sadness. In this way, these guides are incredible for these youngsters.

The wonderful world with its contributions like the sun, ships, love and care just entice them to take since they can’t have every one of these common things. They live in squeezed openings like hutments and there is no limit to their hopelessness. There is an interminable condition of unhappiness, hungry and despair.

Their bodies look like trash stores. They are thin and their bones are peeping out of their skin. The condition of neediness is escalated by the way that the glasses which these kids wear are broken and look like broken bits of a jug.

The entirety of their life is being annihilated here in the ghetto. The ghetto resembles a smudge as large as destruction on the guides of these kids, i.e., the existences of these kids.

These kids will keep on enduring this damnation except if government official, similar to lead representatives, monitors or educationists who visits such schools, approach to help them.

The writer needs the humanized world to overcome any barrier among them and the universe of these kids. They should offer these youngsters a brief look at a superior world so the guides become their window to the delightful and beguiling world outside.

At that point these windows of the grade school study hall, which limit every one of their deepest desires, should be broken so these kids can brought out in the green fields from the squalid environmental factors.

The poet wants that these youngsters ought to be permitted to run uninhibitedly on the brilliant sands under an unmistakable sky, i.e., gain ground.

They ought to be permitted to have quality instruction. The artist feels that training can help them tremendously in light of the fact that, as per him, history is composed by those whose language has the glow and energy of the sun.

NCERT QUESTIONS    An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum

1. Have you at any point visited or seen on primary school in a slum? What does it resemble?

Ans. Indeed, I have visited such a school; it was an administration school and in a desolate state. It didn’t have even the fundamental conveniences like appropriately working fans and lights. Broken windows, harmed entryways, broken seats and grimy dividers welcomed the understudies. A large number of the educator didn’t lead the classes consistently. Indeed, even the washroom were filthy and with no water.

2. What do you the believe is the shade of ‘harsh cream’? For what reason do you think the writer has utilized this articulation to depict the study hall dividers?

Ans. The shade of harsh cream is light yellow. The writer has utilized this articulation to show poor people and bleak climate of the study hall. Rather than carrying cheer to the despondent presence of the kids, these divider add to their wretchedness and dreariness.

3. The mass of the homeroom are enriched with the image of ‘Shakespeare’, ‘ structures with arches’, world guides’ and ‘ excellent valleys’. How do these differentiation with the universe of these youngsters?

Ans. ‘ Shakespeare’ represents the investigation of writing, ‘structures and arches’ represent influence and riches, the world guide address the world outside and ‘excellent valleys’ allude to nature’s magnificence and abundance. All these substitute sharp differentiation to the shabby, bleak and desolate air where these ghetto kids live.

4. What does the artist need for the offspring of the ghettos? How could their lives be made to change?

Ans. The artist definitely wants these youngsters to break the obligations of carrying on with an existence of depression in the ghetto. They ought not stay blue, discouraged and separated from the remainder of the world. Their lives can be made to change by the authorities, who should approach to instruct the kids appropriately, giving them freedoms to encounter the rest of the world through a superior schooling.

INSIDE QUESTIONS    An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum

1. What message does Stephen Spender pass on through the sonnet, ‘ A primary School Classroom in a ghetto’?

Ans. The writer needs independence from an existence of craving and hopelessness of the helpless kids. He wishes that the kids ought to be given quality schooling. They ought to be brought out from their foul environmental factors into the encouraging lap of nature.

2. How does the writer portray the study hall divider?

Ans. The homeroom dividers are light yellow and grimy. Given things have been set up on these dividers. All these are in finished differentiation to the universe of these youngsters.

3. What does Stephen Spender say that the photos and guides in the grade school study hall are not significant?

Ans. The photos have been set up on the homeroom dividers portray the edified world. The representation of Shakespeare is pointless to the ghetto kids since they won’t ever peruse his works. The world appeared in the guide isn’t their reality. Their reality is limited to the dividers of their study hall and the ghetto in which they live. Hence they are not significant.

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